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          ovsdb-client(1)               Open vSwitch Manual              ovsdb-client(1)
                 ovsdb-client - command-line interface to ovsdb-server(1)
                 ovsdb-client [options] list-dbs [server]
                 ovsdb-client [options] get-schema [server] [database]
                 ovsdb-client [options] get-schema-version [server] [database]
                 ovsdb-client [options] list-tables [server] [database]
                 ovsdb-client [options] list-columns [server] [database] [table]
                 ovsdb-client [options] transact [server] transaction
                 ovsdb-client [options] dump [server] [database] [table [column...]]
                 ovsdb-client  [options] monitor [server] [database] table [column[,col
                 ovsdb-client [options] monitor [server] [database] ALL
                 ovsdb-client help
                 Output formatting options:
                        [--format=format]  [--data=format]   [--no-heading]   [--pretty]
                        [--bare] [--no-heading] [--timestamp]
                 Daemon options:
                        [--pidfile[=pidfile]]      [--overwrite-pidfile]      [--detach]
                 Logging options:
                 Public key infrastructure options:
                 Common options:
                        [-h | --help] [-V | --version]
                 The ovsdb-client program is a command-line client for interacting  with
                 a  running  ovsdb-server  process.   Each  command connects to an OVSDB
                 server, which is unix://var/run/openvswitch/db.sock by default, or  may
                 be specified as server in one of the following forms:
                               The specified SSL port on the host at the given ip, which
                               must be expressed as an IP address (not a  DNS  name)  in
                               IPv4  or  IPv6 address format.  If ip is an IPv6 address,
                               then wrap ip with square brackets, e.g.:  ssl:[::1]:6640.
                               The  --private-key,  --certificate, and --ca-cert options
                               are mandatory when this form is used.
                               Connect to the given TCP port on ip, where ip can be IPv4
                               or  IPv6  address. If ip is an IPv6 address, then wrap ip
                               with square brackets, e.g.: tcp:[::1]:6640.
                               On POSIX, connect to the Unix domain server socket  named
                               On  Windows,  connect to a localhost TCP port whose value
                               is written in file.
                               Listen on the  given  SSL  port  for  a  connection.   By
                               default,  connections are not bound to a particular local
                               IP address and it listens only on  IPv4  (but  not  IPv6)
                               addresses,  but specifying ip limits connections to those
                               from the given ip, either IPv4 or IPv6 address.  If ip is
                               an IPv6 address, then wrap ip with square brackets, e.g.:
                               pssl:6640:[::1].  The --private-key,  --certificate,  and
                               --ca-cert options are mandatory when this form is used.
                               Listen  on  the  given  TCP  port  for  a connection.  By
                               default, connections are not bound to a particular  local
                               IP  address  and  it  listens only on IPv4 (but not IPv6)
                               addresses, but ip may be specified  to  listen  only  for
                               connections to the given ip, either IPv4 or IPv6 address.
                               If ip is an IPv6 address, then wrap ip with square brack‐
                               ets, e.g.: ptcp:6640:[::1].
                               On  POSIX,  listen on the Unix domain server socket named
                               file for a connection.
                               On Windows, listen on a kernel chosen  TCP  port  on  the
                               localhost. The kernel chosen TCP port value is written in
                 The default database is Open_vSwitch.
                 The following commands are implemented:
                 list-dbs [server]
                        Connects to server, retrieves the list of known  databases,  and
                        prints  them  one  per  line.  These database names are the ones
                        that may be used for database in the following commands.
                 get-schema [server] [database]
                        Connects to server,  retrieves  the  schema  for  database,  and
                        prints it in JSON format.
                 get-schema-version [server] [database]
                        Connects  to  server,  retrieves  the  schema  for database, and
                        prints its version number on stdout.  A  schema  version  number
                        has the form x.y.z.  See ovs-vswitchd.conf.db(5) for details.
                        Schema  version  numbers  and  Open  vSwitch version numbers are
                        If database was created before schema versioning was introduced,
                        then  it  will  not  have a version number and this command will
                        print a blank line.
                 list-tables [server] [database]
                        Connects to server,  retrieves  the  schema  for  database,  and
                        prints  a  table listing the name of each table within the data‐
                 list-columns [server] [database] table
                        Connects to server,  retrieves  the  schema  for  database,  and
                        prints a table listing the name and type of each column.  If ta
                        ble is specified, only columns in that table are listed;  other‐
                        wise, the tables include columns in all tables.
                 transact [server] transaction
                        Connects  to  server,  sends it the specified transaction, which
                        must be a JSON array containing one or more valid  OVSDB  opera‐
                        tions, and prints the received reply on stdout.
                 dump [server] [database] [table [column...]]
                        Connects  to  server, retrieves all of the data in database, and
                        prints it on stdout as a series of tables. If  table  is  speci‐
                        fied,  only  that table is retrieved.  If at least one column is
                        specified, only those columns are retrieved.
                 monitor [server] [database] table [column[,column]...]...
                        Connects to server and monitors the contents of table  in  data
                        base.   By  default,  the initial contents of table are printed,
                        followed by each change as it occurs.  If at least one column is
                        specified, only those columns are monitored.  The following col
                        umn names have special meanings:
                               Do not print the initial contents of the  specified  col‐
                               Do not print newly inserted rows.
                               Do not print deleted rows.
                               Do not print modifications to existing rows.
                        Multiple  [column[,column]...]  groups may be specified as sepa‐
                        rate arguments, e.g. to apply different reporting parameters  to
                        each  group.   Whether multiple groups or only a single group is
                        specified, any given column may only be mentioned  once  on  the
                        command line.
                        If  --detach  is  used  with monitor, then ovsdb-client detaches
                        after it has successfully received and printed the initial  con‐
                        tents of table.
                 monitor [server] [database] ALL
                        Connects  to  server  and monitors the contents of all tables in
                        database.  Prints initial values and all kinds of changes to all
                        columns   in   the   database.    The   --detach  option  causes
                        ovsdb-client to detach after it successfully receives and prints
                        the initial database contents.
             Output Formatting Options
                 Much  of  the  output  from ovsdb-client is in the form of tables.  The
                 following options controlling output formatting:
                 -f format
                        Sets the type of table formatting.  The following types of  for
                        mat are available:
                        table (default)
                               2-D text tables with aligned columns.
                        list   A  list  with one column per line and rows separated by a
                               blank line.
                        html   HTML tables.
                        csv    Comma-separated values as defined in RFC 4180.
                        json   JSON format as defined in RFC  4627.   The  output  is  a
                               sequence  of  JSON  objects, each of which corresponds to
                               one table.  Each JSON object has  the  following  members
                               with the noted values:
                                      The  table's  caption.   This member is omitted if
                                      the table has no caption.
                                      An array with one element per table column.   Each
                                      array element is a string giving the corresponding
                                      column's heading.
                               data   An array with one element  per  table  row.   Each
                                      element  is also an array with one element per ta‐
                                      ble column.  The  elements  of  this  second-level
                                      array  are  the  cells  that constitute the table.
                                      Cells that represent OVSDB data or data types  are
                                      expressed  in  the  format  described in the OVSDB
                                      specification; other cells are simply expressed as
                                      text strings.
                 -d format
                        Sets the formatting for cells within output tables.  The follow‐
                        ing types of format are available:
                        string (default)
                               The simple format described in the Database  Values  sec‐
                               tion of ovs-vsctl(8).
                        bare   The  simple  format with punctuation stripped off: [] and
                               {} are omitted around  sets,  maps,  and  empty  columns,
                               items  within  sets  and  maps  are  space-separated, and
                               strings are never quoted.  This format may be easier  for
                               scripts to parse.
                        json   JSON.
                        The  json  output  format  always  outputs cells in JSON format,
                        ignoring this option.
                        This option suppresses the heading row that otherwise appears in
                        the first row of table output.
                        By  default, JSON in output is printed as compactly as possible.
                        This option causes JSON in output to be printed in a more  read‐
                        able  fashion.   Members  of  objects and elements of arrays are
                        printed one per line, with indentation.
                        This option does not affect JSON  in  tables,  which  is  always
                        printed compactly.
                 --bare Equivalent to --format=list --data=bare --no-headings.
                        For  the monitor command, adds a timestamp to each table update.
                        Most output formats add the timestamp on a line of its own  just
                        above the table.  The JSON output format puts the timestamp in a
                        member of the top-level JSON object named time.
             Daemon Options
                 The daemon options apply only to the monitor command.  With  any  other
                 command, they have no effect.  The following options are valid on POSIX
                 based platforms.
                        Causes a file (by default, ovsdb-client.pid) to be created indi‐
                        cating  the PID of the running process.  If the pidfile argument
                        is not specified, or if it does not begin with  /,  then  it  is
                        created in //var/run/openvswitch.
                        If --pidfile is not specified, no pidfile is created.
                        By  default,  when --pidfile is specified and the specified pid‐
                        file  already  exists  and  is  locked  by  a  running  process,
                        ovsdb-client  refuses  to start.  Specify --overwrite-pidfile to
                        cause it to instead overwrite the pidfile.
                        When --pidfile is not specified, this option has no effect.
                        Runs ovsdb-client as a background process.  The  process  forks,
                        and  in  the  child it starts a new session, closes the standard
                        file descriptors (which has the side effect of disabling logging
                        to  the  console), and changes its current directory to the root
                        (unless --no-chdir is specified).  After the child completes its
                        initialization, the parent exits.
                        Creates  an  additional process to monitor the ovsdb-client dae‐
                        mon.  If the daemon dies due to a signal that indicates  a  pro‐
                        gramming  error  (SIGABRT, SIGALRM, SIGBUS, SIGFPE, SIGILL, SIG
                        PIPE, SIGSEGV, SIGXCPU, or SIGXFSZ)  then  the  monitor  process
                        starts  a  new  copy  of  it.   If  the daemon dies or exits for
                        another reason, the monitor process exits.
                        This option is normally used with --detach, but  it  also  func‐
                        tions without it.
                        By default, when --detach is specified, ovsdb-client changes its
                        current  working  directory  to  the  root  directory  after  it
                        detaches.   Otherwise,  invoking  ovsdb-client from a carelessly
                        chosen directory would prevent the administrator from unmounting
                        the file system that holds that directory.
                        Specifying   --no-chdir  suppresses  this  behavior,  preventing
                        ovsdb-client from changing its current working directory.   This
                        may  be  useful  for  collecting  core files, since it is common
                        behavior to write core dumps into the current working  directory
                        and the root directory is not a good directory to use.
                        This option has no effect when --detach is not specified.
                 --user Causes  ovsdb-client  to  run  as  a different user specified in
                        "user:group", thus dropping most of the root  privileges.  Short
                        forms "user" and ":group" are also allowed, with current user or
                        group are assumed respectively. Only daemons started by the root
                        user accepts this argument.
                        On   Linux,   daemons   will   be   granted   CAP_IPC_LOCK   and
                        CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICES before dropping root  privileges.  Daemons
                        interact  with  datapath,  such as ovs-vswitchd, will be granted
                        two   additional   capabilities,   namely   CAP_NET_ADMIN    and
                        CAP_NET_RAW.  The  capability change will apply even if new user
                        is "root".
                        On Windows, this option is not currently supported. For security
                        reasons,  specifying  this  option will cause the daemon process
                        not to start.
             Logging Options
                        Sets logging levels.  Without any spec, sets the log  level  for
                        every  module and destination to dbg.  Otherwise, spec is a list
                        of words separated by spaces or commas or colons, up to one from
                        each category below:
                        ·      A  valid  module name, as displayed by the vlog/list com‐
                               mand on ovs-appctl(8), limits the log level change to the
                               specified module.
                        ·      syslog,  console,  or file, to limit the log level change
                               to only to the system log, to the console, or to a  file,
                               respectively.   (If  --detach  is specified, ovsdb-client
                               closes its standard file descriptors, so logging  to  the
                               console will have no effect.)
                               On  Windows platform, syslog is accepted as a word and is
                               only useful along with the  --syslog-target  option  (the
                               word has no effect otherwise).
                        ·      off,  emer,  err,  warn, info, or dbg, to control the log
                               level.  Messages of the given severity or higher will  be
                               logged,  and  messages of lower severity will be filtered
                               out.  off filters out all  messages.   See  ovs-appctl(8)
                               for a definition of each log level.
                        Case is not significant within spec.
                        Regardless  of  the  log  levels set for file, logging to a file
                        will not take place unless --log-file  is  also  specified  (see
                        For compatibility with older versions of OVS, any is accepted as
                        a word but has no effect.
                        Sets the maximum logging verbosity level, equivalent  to  --ver
                        Sets  the  log  pattern  for  destination  to pattern.  Refer to
                        ovs-appctl(8) for a description of the valid syntax for pattern.
                        Sets the RFC5424 facility of the log message.  facility  can  be
                        one  of kern, user, mail, daemon, auth, syslog, lpr, news, uucp,
                        clock, ftp, ntp, audit, alert, clock2, local0,  local1,  local2,
                        local3,  local4, local5, local6 or local7. If this option is not
                        specified, daemon is used as the default for  the  local  system
                        syslog  and local0 is used while sending a message to the target
                        provided via the --syslog-target option.
                        Enables logging to a file.  If file is  specified,  then  it  is
                        used  as  the exact name for the log file.  The default log file
                        name   used   if   file   is    omitted    is    //var/log/open
                        Send  syslog  messages  to  UDP port on host, in addition to the
                        system syslog.  The host must be a numerical IP address,  not  a
                        Specify method how syslog messages should be sent to syslog dae‐
                        mon.  Following forms are supported:
                        ·      libc, use libc syslog() function.  This  is  the  default
                               behavior.   Downside  of  using this options is that libc
                               adds fixed prefix to every message before it is  actually
                               sent  to  the  syslog  daemon  over  /dev/log UNIX domain
                        ·      unix:file, use UNIX domain socket directly.  It is possi‐
                               ble to specify arbitrary message format with this option.
                               However, rsyslogd 8.9 and older versions use  hard  coded
                               parser  function  anyway  that  limits UNIX domain socket
                               use.  If you want to use arbitrary  message  format  with
                               older rsyslogd versions, then use UDP socket to localhost
                               IP address instead.
                        ·      udp:ip:port, use UDP socket.  With this method it is pos‐
                               sible  to  use  arbitrary  message format also with older
                               rsyslogd.  When sending syslog messages over  UDP  socket
                               extra  precaution  needs  to  be  taken into account, for
                               example, syslog daemon needs to be configured  to  listen
                               on  the  specified  UDP  port,  accidental iptables rules
                               could be interfering with local syslog traffic and  there
                               are  some security considerations that apply to UDP sock‐
                               ets, but do not apply to UNIX domain sockets.
             Public Key Infrastructure Options
                 -p privkey.pem
                        Specifies  a  PEM  file  containing  the  private  key  used  as
                        ovsdb-client's identity for outgoing SSL connections.
                 -c cert.pem
                        Specifies a PEM file containing a certificate that certifies the
                        private key specified on -p or --private-key to be  trustworthy.
                        The certificate must be signed by the certificate authority (CA)
                        that the peer in SSL connections will use to verify it.
                 -C cacert.pem
                        Specifies  a  PEM  file  containing  the  CA  certificate   that
                        ovsdb-client  should  use to verify certificates presented to it
                        by SSL peers.  (This may be the same certificate that SSL  peers
                        use  to verify the certificate specified on -c or --certificate,
                        or it may be a different one, depending on  the  PKI  design  in
                 -C none
                        Disables  verification  of  certificates presented by SSL peers.
                        This introduces a security risk, because it means that  certifi‐
                        cates cannot be verified to be those of known trusted hosts.
                        When cacert.pem exists, this option has the same effect as -C or
                        --ca-cert.  If it does not exist, then ovsdb-client will attempt
                        to  obtain the CA certificate from the SSL peer on its first SSL
                        connection and save it to the named PEM file.  If it is success‐
                        ful,  it will immediately drop the connection and reconnect, and
                        from then on all SSL connections must be authenticated by a cer‐
                        tificate signed by the CA certificate thus obtained.
                        This  option  exposes  the SSL connection to a man-in-the-middle
                        attack obtaining the initial CA certificate, but it may be  use‐
                        ful for bootstrapping.
                        This option is only useful if the SSL peer sends its CA certifi‐
                        cate as part of the SSL certificate  chain.   The  SSL  protocol
                        does not require the server to send the CA certificate.
                        This option is mutually exclusive with -C and --ca-cert.
             Other Options
                 --help Prints a brief help message to the console.
                        Prints version information to the console.
          SEE ALSO
                 ovsdb-server(1), ovsdb-client(1), and the OVSDB specification.
          Open vSwitch                         2.5.1                     ovsdb-client(1)